Downtown Rome is best known for always having the most unique shopping, eating, and nightlife experiences in Northwest Georgia, but Broad Street and the surrounding area has also been a monumental site of protest, hope, and resilience. As you visit Rome or explore Rome as a native, here are some ways you can celebrate Black History.
The display for Civil Rights in Rome at the Rome Area History Museum offers insight into the events leading up to desegregation in the city. An interesting facet of the display is the area highlighting medicine in the black community. Because African-American physicians were not allowed to have their own medicine practice before 1940, Dr. Robert H. Brooks founded Brookhaven in 1912 a a medicinal practice for the black community. This institution was located at Broad and Ross Streets, and staff members included Dr. Eugene Weaver, Dr. E.L. Toomer, Dr. C.I. Cain, Dr. Jerome Bryant, and more. At times, prominent white physicians would assist the staff, such as Dr. Robert Harbin. This hospital also served as a clinic where children could receive necessary examinations and dental care. The institute closed in 1944, but in 1934 Dr. Bryant was elected President of the Negro Medical, Dental and Pharmaceutical Association of Georgia.
Some of you may even remember when Rome was considered part of a circuit that celebrated music in the African-American community. On weekends in the 1950’s, it was a sure bet that the streets of East Rome would be lined with cars with folks ready to kick up their heels at the Idle Hour Club, he Mix Masters Club, or the Carver Country Club. Individuals came from as far away as Chattanooga and Atlanta for the incredible fish, pig ears, chicken, tomatoes, and music this circuit had to offer. In fact, stars such as Etta James, Little Richard, and James Brown were known to perform at some of the venues!
One of the most striking posters of information is the “We Shall Not Be Moved” item, which details the peaceful protest put on by 62 Main High School students in March of 1963 at the C.G. Murphy Lunch Counter on Broad. The young adults took part in a peaceful “sit-in,” which was inspired by the peaceful nature of Martin Luther King Jr.’s style of protest. Because their actions were unlawful due to segregation, they were placed under arrest and jailed. A memorial quote from the occasion states: “we are fighting for our rights, we shall not be moved, we want our human rights.”
As you visit Rome, be sure to keep in mind the incredible and vast history that the city has to offer along the many ways that we honor it!